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The library of essays of Proakatemia


Kirjoittanut: Okikiola Ologundudu - tiimistä Satku.

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Esseen arvioitu lukuaika on 5 minuuttia.



Management and leadership differ in terms of influence, direction, authority, vision, and communication, but both are essential for organizational, individual success and efficiency. Both are the terms that are often considered synonymous, but leadership is an essential part of effective management. The evolution of management and leadership theories has been shaped by important events and people in different fields over time. This essay explores the historical context, key figures, the differences between leadership and management, the impact of management and leadership, also identify some influential individuals who have contributed to the field, as well as analyzing both positive and negative aspects. By understanding all these, our business and team leads can cultivate a culture of effective leadership and strategic management to achieve our goals.


As we embark on our journey as a business team in Satku Innovations, it’s important to recognize the historical roots of management and leadership. Today’s management and leadership can be traced back to the roots, since ancient civilization, such as Rome, Egypt, Greece, where important matters were created and based on hierarchies and administrative system. Through the industrial revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries, the need for effective management grew as industries and organizational structures grew. This has given rise to theories and practices aimed at improving productivity and efficiency in the workplace.

One of the key points in the history of management and leadership is an American engineer, Frederic Winslow Taylor, he is referred the father of scientific management. He developed principles of scientific management, emphasizing the need for systematic observation, measurement, and analysis of work processes to improve efficiency. His work laid the foundation for modern management practices focused on stability, independence, and the division of labor. ”According to Taylor, ”Scientific Management approach is an art of knowing exactly what you want your men to do and seeing that they do it in the best and cheapest way.” (Frederic, W Taylor)

Another influential figure in the field of management and leadership was Max Weber, a German sociologist, who introduced the concept of bureaucracy. He identified the characteristics of a good bureaucracy, including hierarchy, formal rules, procedures, and impersonal relationships. His ideas have had a lasting impact on management theory and practice, shaping how organizations are structured and run. ”Precision, speed, unambiguity, knowledge of files, continuity, discretion, unity, strict subordination, reduction of friction and of material and personal costs – these are raised to the optimum point in the strictly bureaucratic administration.” (Max Weber)


Warren Bennis famously wrote in his book On Becoming a Leader that ”a manager does things right and leaders do the right thing”. (Bennis 1985,21). Like other leadership scholars, Bennis makes a clear distinction between leadership and management and between managers and leaders. ”A manager’s behavior and activities focus on controlling, planning, coordinating, and organizing. This differs from a leader, whose behaviors and tasks focus on innovation, vision, motivation, trust, and change”. (Bennis 1985,21).

Meanwhile, leadership differs from management in the sense that, while a leader gets his authority from his followers, a manager gets his authority by virtue of his position in the organization. While managers follow the organizations policies and procedures, the leaders follow their own instinct, also while managers lay down the structure and delegates authority and responsibility, leaders provide direction by developing the organizational vision and communicating it to the employees, inspiring them to achieve it. Management is more of a science as the managers are exact, planned, standard, logical and more of the mind. Leadership on the other hand, is an art. In an organization, if the managers are required, then leaders are a must.

Within our team, it’s crucial to understand the difference between management and leadership. While the business leads fulfill managerial roles, supervising and observing, the team lead take in leadership qualities, inspiring and motivating his/her peers to achieve our shared vision and collective goals. By accepting and recognising these differences, we can apply the strengths of both management and leadership to drive our team forward.


Leaders who motivate and inspire their teams can create a positive work environment, where individuals feel valued and motivated to contribute to the success of the organization. Management and leadership play a very crucial role in driving organizational performance, foster innovation and inspire great teamwork and empower employees to reach their full potential. “Effective leadership is not about making speeches or being liked; leadership is defined by results not attributes.” (Drucker 1967).

On the other hand, poor management and leadership can have a negative effect on the organization and performance, leading to low employee engagement, high turnover, and poor performance. Ineffective leaders tend not to communicate, make decisions without considering the impact on others and fail to recognize and address the needs of their team members. This can lead to a lack of direction, confusion, and a lack of trust within the team and organization.

Effective management and leadership practices can have a great impact on Satku’s team success and other organization. Clear communication, emphasis on clear communication, strategic decision-making, and indulgence are important elements that drive performance and foster a positive work environment. By cultivating a culture of accountability, innovation, and collaboration, we can unlock our team’s full potential and achieve our objectives, individually and collectively.


Many influential people have played an important role in the field of management and leadership, shaping the way organizations are managed and led. One such person is Warren Bennis, a famous mastermind expert who emphasized the importance of emotional intelligence, self-awareness, and honesty in leaders. His work emphasized the role of leaders in inspiring and motivating others, building trust and teamwork. His idea has shaped the way leadership is understood and practiced in organizations around the world. Warren’s emphasis on emotional intelligence and honesty can guide the team lead in fostering trust and teamwork.

Another influential figure is Peter Drucker, often referred to as the father of management. His work focused on the importance of innovation, entrepreneurship and effective decision making in organizations. His ideas have had a profound impact on management theory and practice, emphasizing that managers must adapt to changing environments and focus on long term goals. Drucker’s focus on innovation and strategic planning can inform the business leads’ decision-making processes, driving our team towards long-term success.


Finally, management and leadership are essential components of operational success and development, they are practical tools that can drive success and innovation within our business team in school. Effective leadership and management practices can increase performance and create a positive work environment, but poor leadership and management can have a negative impact on team members/employee morale and team/organizational performance. As we strive for excellence within our team, we can draw inspiration and learn from influential figures in management and leadership, also apply the key figures management approach and theories.



Bureaucratic Theory of Max Weber (Explanation + Examples) – Practical Psychology (practicalpie.com)

Scientific Management Theory by Taylor (5 Principles & More) (higherstudy.org)

Bureaucratic Management Theory of Max Weber (simplypsychology.org)

Leadership vs. Management in the Workplace (verywellmind.com)

Leadership and Management – Relationship & Differences (managementstudyguide.com)

1.1: The Difference between Managers and Leaders – Business LibreTextshttps://biz.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Management/Leading_with_Cultural_Intelligence/01%3A_Culturally_Intelligent_Leadership_Matters/1.01%3A_The_Difference_between_Managers_and_Leaders



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