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Statistics Overview

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Syed Saniat Amin
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Statistics Overview


Approaches of collecting, reviewing, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data are studied in statistics. If the data set is dependent on a sample of a broader population, the analyst can draw conclusions about the population based mostly on the sample’s statistical results. Mean, [regression analysis], [skewness], [kurtosis], variance, and [analysis of variance] are a few examples of statistical metrics.

Large data sets and their attributes can be analyzed using statistical approaches that have been developed. Statistical techniques are used by both businesses and governments to calculate joint properties about workers or individuals. These characteristics affect the choices that businesses and governments make. Numerous academic fields, including psychology, business, the humanities, the physical and social sciences, government, and industry, employ statistics.

The collection of statistical data is done using sampling procedures or other means. When examining data, two types of statistical procedures are employed: inferential statistics and descriptive statistics. When data is considered a subclass of a certain population, inferential statistics are employed to draw conclusions about a broader population that has gone undiscovered. To summarize data from a sample and exercise the mean or standard deviation, descriptive statistics are utilized.


Regression Analysis

Regression analysis establishes the degree to which particular variables, like as interest rates, the cost of a good or service, or certain sectors or industries, affect an asset’s price changes. With linear regression, this relationship is usually represented as a straight line that offers the best estimates for each individual data point.



The mathematical average of a set of two or more numbers is called a mean. There are several methods to calculate the mean for a given collection of numbers. The arithmetic mean approach takes the sum of the numbers in a series, while the geometric mean method determines the investment portfolio’s performance.



Kurtosis quantifies the degree to which the data deviate from a standard distribution, either heavily or lightly. There is a tendency for data sets with high or positive kurtosis to have hefty tails. Light tails are more likely to be seen in data sets with negative or low kurtosis.



The degree to which a collection of statistical data deviates from the conventional distribution is referred to as skewness. The majority of data sets, such as commodity returns and stock prices, have a positive skew, meaning that the curve is skewed toward the left, or a negative skew, meaning that the curve is skewed toward the right of the typical data set.



The range of numbers in a data collection is measured as variance. The variance expresses how far out from the mean each integer in the collection is. Variance may be used to estimate the risk that a buyer of a certain investment may be willing to take.


analysis of variance

The technique of analysis of variance was created by Ronald Fisher. It is an analytical technique that divides the overall volatility present in a data set into two categories: variables that are random and factors that are systematic. In a regression analysis, it is also utilized to determine the impact of independent factors on the dependent variable.





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