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AI



Kirjoittanut: Ariel Cohen - tiimistä SYNTRE.

Esseen tyyppi: Akateeminen essee / 3 esseepistettä.
Esseen arvioitu lukuaika on 10 minuuttia.

AI – Artificial Intelligence

 

“ONE OF THE BIGGEST RISKS TO THE FUTURE OF CIVILIZATION IS AI,” ELON MUSK

 

Introduction

 

Artificial Intelligence has blown our minds recently. It’s the hottest subject around the hallways.  Artificial Intelligence so called “ AI ” has recently taken a lot of news space and the whole world is waiting to see how it will progress next.

Everyone wants to learn how to benefit from it and no wonder why. The value of AI last year was $70.9 billion and it can reach skyrocket levels in 2023. (Eliaçık, 2023.) The first steps with AI were taken already back in the mid-20th century by a British man called Alan Mathison Turing. (Britannica, 2022.)

 

In 2023 it is common to see Elon Musk talking about AI in the news or on TikTok. Elon is the man behind a company called OpenAI, which ideology is to bring AI for everyone to use. AI chatbot ChatGPT has been extremely popular in the last six months and it has illustrated to people just how scary AI can be. ChatGPT is programmed to understand human language and to generate human-like responses based on a huge amount of data around the internet. Many job fields are scared that AI will replace their jobs. (Browne, 2023.) As the AI is capable to answer all simple queries the company might receive, why would we need a human for that? AI does not need sickness days, or parenting days or does not face any mental health problems.

 

AI has not been visible for us normal citizens before ChatGPT came alive. The professionals working with AI, have had the joy to see the progress for a longer period of time. They are certain that AI will change lifes, replace workers and change the way work is done. PWC article has predicted that AI would contribute $15.7 trillion for global economy by 2035. (Kelley, 2023.)

 

Humans are pack animals, we drive to be surrounded by humans. We are social. It is called empathy. AI can not feel empathy or show emotions. It does not have self-awareness. For now, but it is the goal in the end.

Doctors and nurses are often reported to face burnouts due to the empathy they give out facing the patients on daily basis. Robots could give out this empathy to patients without having burnouts. They could easily collect all the needed data and be the middle person between the staff and the clients.  What if AI ethics can be superior than humans? (Wu, 2019.)

 

“YOU CAN’T HAVE ‘HUMAN-LIKE’ INTELLIGENCE (AGI) WITHOUT PERSONALITY OR EMOTIONS. PEOPLE DON’T CHANGE BEHAVIOR ON INFORMATION, THEY CHANGE IT ON EMOTION, EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE, AND EMPATHY” – STEVE ARDIRE, AI STARTUP ADVISOR ‘FORCE MULTIPLIER’ & “MERCHANT OF LIGHT”

 

What is AI

 

AI is making machines think like humans and do things that are considered to be smart. It can process large amounts of data, that humans simply cannot. Simple example could be that your google devices is letting you know how the weather is outside. (Pattam,2021.) AI is machine acting to be like a human. It can already produce images, writings and coding that would take years of training generated in seconds. AI is being integrated to our lives slowly throughout cars and virtual assistants such as Siri. (Eliaçık, 2023.)

Artificial Intelligence in simplicity is a program for a computer, robot or software to think like the human mind. AI will use huge amounts of data to learn patterns of the human brain and operate throughout mental contents. System works the same way as algorithms. AI will learn from patterns and results of the analyzed data. Every time more data comes in, AI will test it and measure the outcome and use it for development. (Kelley, 2023) Good example of this is Tesla, as the car is now detecting potholes in the road and marking them in the system, so when the next Tesla comes, it will circulate around the pothole. (Lambert, 2022.)

 

AI has opportunity to add the workplace efficiency. It can easily do the work humans do, it if does not require empathy or creativity. It can take over dangerous jobs and eliminate the risk of someone getting hurt. It does not require salary , so the costs will go down. It will not be interrupted by a co-worker and can work for 24 hours a day.  It could one day possibly improve the capacities of disabled people. AI has the ability to see, understand and translate languages, process data, give out recommendations. (Kelley, 2023)

 

Enhancing Our Lives Today and Shaping Our Future

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a rapidly advancing field that has the potential to transform many aspects of our lives. From healthcare to e-commerce, AI is already making a significant impact on how we live, work, and interact with the world around us. This essay will explore how normal citizens can use AI to improve their lives, with a focus on the areas of healthcare, personal productivity, and decision-making.

 

One area where AI is already making a significant impact is in healthcare. The healthcare industry is facing a major challenge in providing personalized healthcare services to patients. AI-powered tools can help physicians and patients analyze vast amounts of health data to identify potential health risks, track progress, and develop personalized treatment plans. Personalized healthcare is a growing field that aims to provide tailored medical treatments and prevention strategies based on an individual’s unique genetic makeup, lifestyle, and medical history. AI can play a crucial role in making this possible.

 

One example of an AI-powered healthcare tool is the nutrition app Nutrium, which uses AI to provide personalized meal plans for its users based on their dietary preferences, allergies, and medical conditions (Dias et al., 2022). The app collects data from users’ food diaries, fitness trackers, and other health apps to develop meal plans that meet their nutritional needs and goals. The app’s AI algorithms continuously learn from users’ feedback and adjust the meal plans accordingly, ensuring that users receive the best possible recommendations.

 

Another area where AI is making a significant impact is in personal productivity. Personal assistants like Siri and Alexa are becoming increasingly popular among consumers. These assistants can help users manage their daily schedules, set reminders, and perform simple tasks like making phone calls and sending messages. As these technologies become more advanced, they will be able to perform more complex tasks, such as booking travel and making purchases on behalf of users.

 

AI-powered personal assistants can also be useful in the workplace. For example, chatbots can be used to answer frequently asked questions and provide customer support, freeing up employees to focus on more complex tasks. AI can also be used to automate repetitive tasks like data entry and invoicing, saving businesses time and money.

 

Finally, AI can be a powerful tool for decision-making. In today’s fast-paced world, individuals and businesses need to make decisions quickly and accurately. AI-powered decision-making tools can help individuals and businesses make better decisions by analyzing vast amounts of data and identifying patterns and trends that would be difficult or impossible for humans to detect.

 

For example, e-commerce websites like Amazon and Netflix use recommendation engines to suggest products and content to users based on their browsing and purchasing history. These engines use machine learning algorithms to analyze data from millions of users to identify patterns and make personalized recommendations. As a result, users can discover products and content that they may not have found on their own, leading to a more engaging and personalized shopping experience.

 

In conclusion, AI has the potential to transform many aspects of our lives. From healthcare to e-commerce, AI-powered tools can help individuals improve their health, productivity, and decision-making. As AI continues to advance, we can expect to see even more innovative applications that will further enhance our lives.

 

 Dangers of AI

 

“WE ARE HEADED TOWARD A SITUATION WHERE AI IS VASTLY SMARTER THAN HUMANS. I THINK THAT TIME FRAME IS LESS THAN FIVE YEARS FROM NOW. BUT THAT DOESN’T MEAN THAT EVERYTHING GOES TO HELL IN FIVE YEARS. IT JUST MEANS THAT THINGS GET UNSTABLE OR WEIRD.” -ELON MUSK

 

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a powerful tool that has the potential to transform our world in positive ways. However, there are also dangers associated with AI that we need to be aware of and take steps to mitigate. Some say that it is a revolutionary invention and others think that it will be the end of humanity.

 

One of the potential impacts of Artificial Intelligence is widespread job losses. AI has the potential to automate many jobs currently performed by humans, particularly those that involve routine, repetitive tasks or data processing. This could lead to a significant number of workers being displaced from their jobs, particularly in industries such as manufacturing, retail, and transportation. The impact of job losses could be particularly severe in regions that are heavily dependent on industries that are vulnerable to automation. For example, a study by McKinsey Global Institute found that up to 800 million jobs could be automated by 2030, with the most affected sectors being transportation, manufacturing, and retail. This could lead to significant job losses in regions that rely on these industries, particularly in developing countries where there are fewer alternative employment opportunities.

 

The impact of job losses could also be felt in the wider economy, as displaced workers may struggle to find new jobs or may need to retrain for new skills. This could lead to increased inequality and social unrest, particularly if the benefits of automation are concentrated in the hands of a small number of companies or individuals.

 

However, it is also important to note that AI has the potential to create new jobs and industries, particularly in areas such as data science, machine learning, and AI development. These new jobs may require different skills and qualifications than those that are being displaced, and there may be a need for significant investment in education and training to ensure that workers can transition into these new roles.

 

To mitigate the impact of job losses, it is important to ensure that AI is developed and used in a responsible and ethical manner. This could involve measures such as providing support for displaced workers, investing in education and training programs, and ensuring that the benefits of automation are shared more widely across society. (McClelland 2023)

 

“SIMPLY PUT, JOBS THAT ROBOTS CAN REPLACE ARE NOT GOOD JOBS IN THE FIRST PLACE. AS HUMANS, WE CLIMB UP THE RUNGS OF DRUDGERY — PHYSICALLY TASKING OR MIND-NUMBING JOBS — TO JOBS THAT USE WHAT GOT US TO THE TOP OF THE FOOD CHAIN, OUR BRAINS.”  THE WALL STREET JOURNAL. THE ROBOTS ARE COMING. WELCOME THEM.

 

Artificial intelligence might cause major issues with bias and discrimination or even amplify existing ones since they are trained from large datasets that might contain biased or discriminatory information. Several ways in which bias and discrimination might occur are for example facial recognition systems that have been found to be less accurate in recognizing people with darker skin tones and AI-based hiring systems that might see candidates differently depending on their gender, race, or age. Amazon serves as a good example with its AI-based hiring system that does not like women.

 

Since automation has been key to Amazon’s dominance in the sector, they created a tool that used AI to rank job candidates from one to five stars. It worked like a holy grail where you did not need to read 100 different applications, but the system gave you the winning ones to choose from. Data that the AI worked with was based on a 10-year period where most of the applications came from men (since it is a man-dominated industry), so it taught itself that male applicants are preferable and penalized resumes that were related to women. (Dastin 2018).

 

As AI systems collect and analyze vast amounts of personal data, there is a risk that this information could be misused or stolen, leading to privacy breaches of security threats. Since AI is dealing with massive amounts of data, including sensitive and personal data, it is risking itself to cyberattacks and data breaches that can lead to significant harm to individuals and organizations.  When the system becomes more complex and independent, the risk increases. It can even be used to track someone down with facial recognition systems or biometric data collection. It is important to develop AI in a responsible and ethical manner, implementing protection, cybersecurity measures and with regulations and standards.  (Gülen 2023)

 

AI can be used to develop autonomous weapons systems that could potentially be used to harm or kill humans without human intervention or oversight. Making super smart, weaponized robots into battlefields might backfire.  AI can and will provide certain advantages in military purposes but there is major concern that it will malfunction or make incorrect decisions to harm us or destroy the human race. It gives the potential to be hacked or otherwise manipulated leading to unintended consequences or even attacks. Like I talked earlier about developing AI in an ethical and responsible manner, it should apply to this also. Implementing strict control and decision-making authority for us humans but it still leaves us with a risk that what would happen if it would outsmart us? Maybe robots would be smart enough to figure out the stupidity of war and just demolish us rather than themselves in the battlefields. (Joshi 2022)

 

Ethical considerations: As AI becomes more powerful and capable, there are a growing number of ethical considerations that need to be taken into account. For example, how do we ensure that AI is used for the benefit of humanity, rather than to harm or exploit people?  There is a risk that it could be used to consolidate power and control in the hands of a small number of individuals or organizations. It is important to establish governance structures that ensure that AI is used in the public interest, rather than for the benefit of a privileged few. (Bossmann 2016)

 

These are just some of the dangers associated with AI. To mitigate these risks, it is important to ensure that AI is developed and used responsibly, with consideration for the potential negative impacts it could have on individuals, society, and the environment.

 

Conclusion

 

In conclusion, AI is a rapidly growing field that has the potential to transform many aspects of our lives. It is already making significant impacts on healthcare, personal productivity, and decision-making. AI is being integrated into our daily lives, and the potential for AI to improve our lives is immense.

 

The progress that has been made with AI in recent years is remarkable. It has already had significant effects on healthcare, such as personalized healthcare services and predictive analytics, where AI can help physicians and patients analyze vast amounts of health data to identify potential health risks, track progress, and develop personalized treatment plans.

 

AI has also shown its potential to enhance personal productivity by performing tasks that humans find mundane or time-consuming, such as scheduling appointments, booking flights, or even managing one’s finances.

 

Furthermore, AI has the ability to help us make better decisions by analyzing data and providing recommendations. It can assist us in a range of decision-making processes, from finance to business, by identifying patterns and providing insights that humans may not see.

 

However, there are concerns surrounding AI, such as the fear of job displacement and the ethical implications of its use. AI could replace jobs that require only manual and repetitive tasks. Therefore, it is important to have a clear understanding of how AI can be used in various industries, as well as the potential ethical concerns, to ensure that we are using it responsibly and ethically.

 

As technology evolves, the benefits of AI are set to continue to grow, and it is important to use AI for the betterment of society. The potential of AI to enhance our lives is enormous, and it is up to us to harness this power and use it responsibly for the betterment of society.

 

Lastly, AI has the potential to transform many aspects of our lives, and while there are concerns, the potential benefits are enormous. We must continue to explore and develop this field while being mindful of the ethical implications of its use. AI can help us create a better world, but it is up to us to ensure that it does.

Written by Ariel Cohen, Emil Makkula & Taru Jytilä

Preferences:

Aruna Pattam, 2021. Read on 27.2.2023. Link:  https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/artificial-intelligence-simple-terms-aruna-pattam/?trk=public_profile_article_view

Bossmann. J. 2016. Top 9 ethical issues in artificial intelligence. Read on 3.3.2023

Britannica, 2022. Read on 27.2.2023. Link: https://www.britannica.com/technology/artificial-intelligence/Alan-Turing-and-the-beginning-of-AI

Dastin. J. 2018. Amazon scraps secret AI recruiting tool that showed bias against women. Read on 27.2.2023

Dias, S.B. et al. (2022) Users’ perspective on the AI-based smartphone protein app for Personalized Nutrition and healthy living: A modified technology acceptance model (mtam) approach, Frontiers. Frontiers. Read on 2.3.2023

Eray Eliaçık, 2023. Read on 27.2.2023. Link: https://dataconomy.com/2023/02/how-to-use-ai-guide-artificial-intelligence/

Fred Lambert, 2022. Read on 27.2.2023. Link: https://electrek.co/2022/07/04/tesla-vehicles-scanning-for-potholes-and-rough-roads-help-avoid-them/

Google, 2022. Read on 27.2.2023. Link: https://cloud.google.com/learn/what-is-artificial-intelligence

Gülen K. 2023. AI and ethics: Balancing progress and protection. Read on 27.2.2023

https://dataconomy.com/2023/01/artificial-intelligence-security-issues/

https://www.forbes.com/sites/naveenjoshi/2022/07/25/is-it-ethical-to-use-robots-in-war-what-are-the-risks-associated-with-it/?sh=3a5140972d33

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnut.2022.898031/full

https://www.iotforall.com/impact-of-artificial-intelligence-job-losses

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https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/10/top-10-ethical-issues-in-artificial-intelligence/

https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-robots-are-coming-welcome-them-1471907751

Jun Wu, 2019. Read on 27.2.2023. Link: https://www.forbes.com/sites/cognitiveworld/2019/12/17/empathy-in-artificial-intelligence/

Karin Kelley, 2023. Read on 27.2.2023. Link: https://www.simplilearn.com/tutorials/artificial-intelligence-tutorial/what-is-artificial-intelligence

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McClelland. C. 2023. The impact of artificial intelligence – Widespread job losses. Read on 27.2.2023

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