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Third Generation Internet: Web 3.0

Kirjoittanut: Katrina Cirule - tiimistä SYNTRE.

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Esseen arvioitu lukuaika on 4 minuuttia.

Third Generation Internet: Web 3.0


This spring Tampere Entrepreneurship Society and Good Cartel are organising BRIDG3 hackathon, which is all about creating industry-shaping solutions by involving Web 3 technology. The challenge clients are companies such as Yle, Valmet, City of Tampere, UNICEF, and many other influential players. When I heard about it, I just knew I have to take this chance. I signed up for the hackathon, but now the question I face is… What is Web 3.0? In this essay I will help myself and hopefully others too by briefly covering the development of the Internet, as well as diving deeper in what exactly Web 3 is.



The Internet began in 1960’s as a way for US government researchers to share information easier and faster. Its first form was called ARPANET, which was a research network funded by the military’s Advanced Research Project Agency. However, the official “birthday” of the Internet is considered January 1, 1983, when scientists Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf developed a “communications model” to standardize how data is transmitted through different networks. From that point on, all the networks could finally be connected by a universal language. In a nutshell, the Internet is a series of interconnected computer systems that allow information to “travel” online. It is an especially important environment since that’s the medium on which the Web functions on. (University System of Gorgia 2002)



So, what is a World Wide Web? It is “an information system on the Internet which allows documents to be connected to other documents by hypertext links”. It was invented in 1989 by a British scientist Tim Berners-Lee (see Image 1), with the goal to automate information-sharing between scientists in universities all around the world. In practice, World Wide Web (WWW or the Web) is a system of public webpages accessible on the Internet through HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol). For example, any website starting with “www”, such as www.youtube.com. (CERN 2021)


IMAGE 1. British scientist Tim Berners-Lee. (Holland 2021)


3.1 Web 1.0

The first version of the Web was sustained by a few people creating websites for a larger audience to read, thus accessing new information and facts. The aim of Web 1.0 was to help people better find information. It is also called a “read-only Web” and it could be compared to a paper dictionary digitalised and accessible online. Since people were able to look at it, but not react to it, Web 1.0 lacks forms, visuals, and interactivity. (Terra 2023)


3.2 Web 2.0

If Web 1.0 focused on reading, then Web 2.0 focuses on participating. If in Web 1.0 small number of people created content for a bigger group of people, then in Web 2.0 many people are generating content for an even larger, growing audience. Instead of focusing on specific communities, it opens possibilities for the wider society. Web 2.0 is known as the “participative social Web” due to its emphasis on User-Generated Content (UGC). This allows forms of interactions such as social media, commenting, tagging, Web content voting, and so on. This is the shape of World Wide Web as we know it now. (Terra 2023)


3.3 Web 3.0

Therefore, this leads to a question of where is the progress of the Web taking us? And how does the future look like? Although Web 3.0 has a long way to go and its definition is not yet clear, it turns out that it is not so much the future, as it is the rapidly developing present of the Web. (Terra 2023)

Web 3.0 is known as the “read, write, execute Web”. It is built on new foundational ideas such as decentralisation, openness, and more excellent user utility. Users transition from centralized platforms like Facebook, Google, or Twitter to decentralized, practically anonymous platforms during this Web stage. Web 3.0 is envisioned to be a Semantic Web that is an intelligent, autonomous, and open Internet which involves AI and machine learning to function as a “global brain“. (Terra 2023)



In conclusion, the Internet is a series of linked computer systems that provide an environment for the World Wide Web. The Web, on the other hand, is an information system that allows data to be connected through hypertext links. In the past decades, the Web has gone through 3 bigger phases of development. Web 1.0 was a read-only stage where users got to consume content provided by a few creators. Web 2.0 is the form if the Web as we now it currently. With its interactive features, it allows to share content, connect and react. Meanwhile, Web 3.0 is already in its development phase allowing a more decentralised and immersive experience of information sharing and consuming.



CERN. 2021. The birth of the Web. Read on 4.5.2023. https://home.web.cern.ch/science/computing/birth-web

Terra, J. 2023. What is Web 1.0, Web 2.0, and Web 3.0? Definitions, Differences & Similarities. Read on 4.5.2023. https://www.simplilearn.com/what-is-web-1-0-web-2-0-and-web-3-0-with-their-difference-article

University System of Gorgia. 2002. A Brief History of the Internet. Read on 4.5.2023. https://www.usg.edu/galileo/skills/unit07/internet07_02.phtml



Holland, O. 2021. The World Wide Web inventor sold its original code for $ 5,4 million. Seen on 4.5.2023. https://edition.cnn.com/style/article/tim-berners-lee-nft-auction/index.html

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