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The Art of Learning: A Journey Towards Mastery



Kirjoittanut: Sunita Kumar - tiimistä Crevio.

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Esseen arvioitu lukuaika on 9 minuuttia.

INTRODUCTION

Learning may be a long-lasting endeavor that shapes our understanding of the world, powers personal growth, and drives societal advance. Whereas the method of securing information and abilities is fundamental, it isn’t continuously clear. Numerous people battle with learning, finding it challenging, time-consuming, and disappointing. The concept of learning effectively, hence, gets to be a alluring objective, one that has charmed teachers, clinicians, and analysts for decades. This exposition points to investigate the procedures and strategies that can help people learn effectively, drawing upon bits of knowledge from different areas of think about, counting cognitive brain research, instructive hypothesis, and neuroscience.
Knowing the most effective strategies for how to learn can help you maximize your efforts when you are trying to acquire new ideas, concepts, and skills. If you are like many people, your time is limited, so it is important to get the most educational value out of the time you have.

 

Speed of learning is not the only important factor. However, It is important to be able to accurately remember the information that you learn, recall it at a later time, and use it effectively in a wide variety of situations.
How can you teach yourself to learn?

1.Find ways to boost your memory
2.Always keep learning new things
3.Use a variety of learning techniques
4.Try teaching it to someone else
5.Connect new information to things you already know
6.Look for opportunities to have hands-on experiences
7.Remember that mistakes are part of the process
8Study a little bit every day
9.Test yourself
10.Focus on one thing at a time
11. Become a Note Taker
12. Ditch the Digital
Knowing how to learn well is not something that happens overnight but putting a few of these learning techniques into daily practice can help you get more out of your study time. (Oakley, B. & Sejnowski, T. 2018)

1. Improve Your Memory

There are a number of different strategies that can boost memory. Basic tips such as improving your focus, avoiding cram sessions, and structuring your study time are good places to start, but there are even more lessons from psychology that can dramatically improve your learning efficiency.

Strategies that can help improve your memory include:

Getting regular physical exercise, which is linked to improvements in memory and brain health.
Spending time socializing with other people.
Getting enough sleep
Eliminating distractions so you can focus on what you are learning.
Organizing the information, you are studying to make it easier to remember.
Interpreting semantic clustering effects in free recall. Memory.

Using elaborative rehearsal when studying; when you learn something new, spend a few moments describing it to yourself in your own words.
Using visual aids like photographs, graphs, and charts
Reading the information, you are studying out loud
For example, you might use general learning techniques like setting aside quiet time to study, rehearsing, and reading information aloud. You might combine this with strategies that can foster better memory, such as exercising and socializing.
Study Tip
If you’re pressed for time, consider combining study strategies. Listen to a podcast while you’re taking a walk or join a group where you can practice your new skills with others.

2. Keep Learning New Things

One sure-fire way to become a more effective learner is to simply keep learning. Research has found that the brain is capable of producing new brain cells, a process known as neurogenesis. However, many of these cells will eventually die unless a person engages in some type of effortful learning.

So, if you are learning a new language, it is important to keep practicing the language in order to maintain the gains you have achieved. This “use-it-or-lose-it” phenomenon involves a brain process known as “pruning.”

In pruning, certain pathways in the brain are maintained, while others are eliminated. If you want the new information, you just learned to stay, put, keep practicing and rehearsing it.

By learning new things, these cells are kept alive and incorporated into brain circuits.
3. Learn in Multiple Ways
Another one of the best ways to learn is to focus on learning in more than one way. For example, instead of just listening to a podcast, which involves auditory learning, find a way to rehearse the information both verbally and visually.

This might involve describing what you learned to a friend, taking notes, or drawing a mind map. By learning in more than one way, you’re further cementing the knowledge in your mind.
For example, if you are learning a new language, try varying techniques such as listening to language examples, reading written language, practicing with a friend, and writing down your own notes.

One helpful tip is to try writing out your notes on paper rather than typing on a laptop, tablet, or computer. Research has found that longhand notes can help cement information in memory more effectively than digital note-taking.

Recap
Varying your learning techniques and giving yourself the opportunity to learn in different ways and in different contexts can help make you a more efficient learner.
4. Teach What You Are Learning
Educators have long noted that one of the best ways to learn something is to teach it to someone else. Remember your seventh-grade presentation on Costa Rica? By teaching to the rest of the class, your teacher hoped you would gain even more from the assignment.

You can apply the same principle today by sharing newly learned skills and knowledge with others. Start by translating the information into your own words. This process alone helps solidify new knowledge in your brain. Next, find some way to share what you’ve learned.
Recap
Some ideas include writing a blog post, creating a podcast, or participating in a group discussion.

5. Build on Previous Learning
Another great way to become a more effective learner is to use relational learning, which involves relating new information to things that you already know.

For example, if you are learning a new language, you might associate the new vocabulary and grammar you are learning with what you already know about your native language or other languages you may already speak.
6. Gain Practical Experience
For many students, learning typically involves reading textbooks, attending lectures, or doing research in the library or online. While seeing information and then writing it down is important, actually putting new knowledge and skills into practice can be one of the best ways to improve learning.

If it is a sport or athletic skill, perform the activity on a regular basis. If you are learning a new language, practice speaking with another person and surround yourself with language-immersion experiences. Watch foreign-language films and strike up conversations with native speakers to practice your budding skills.
Recap
If you are trying to acquire a new skill or ability, focus on gaining practical experience.

7. Don’t Be Afraid to Make Mistakes
Research suggests that making mistakes when learning can improve learning outcomes. According to one study, trial-and-error learning where the mistakes were close to the actual answer was actually a helpful part of the learning process.
Another study found that mistakes followed by corrective feedback can be beneficial to learning. So if you make a mistake when learning something new, spend some time correcting the mistake and examining how you arrived at the incorrect answer.

This strategy can help foster critical thinking skills and make you more adaptable in learning situations that require being able to change your mind.

Recap
Research suggests that making mistakes when learning can actually help improve outcomes, especially if you correct your mistake and take the time to understand why it happened.

8. Use Distributed Practice
Another strategy that can help is known as distributed practice. Instead of trying to cram all of your learning into a few long study sessions, try a brief, focused session, and then take a break.

So if you were learning a new language, you might devote a period of time to an intensive session of studying. After a break, you would then come back and rehearse your previous learning while also extending it to new learning.

This process of returning for brief sessions over a long period of time is one of the best ways to learn efficiently and effectively.

What is the best way to learn?
Research suggests that this type of distributed learning is one of the most effective learning techniques.9 Focus on spending a little time studying each topic every day.

9. Take Tests
While it may seem that spending more time studying is one of the best ways to maximize learning, research has demonstrated that taking tests actually helps you better remember what you’ve learned, even if it wasn’t covered on the test.

This phenomenon, known as the testing effect, suggests that spending time retrieving information from memory improves the long-term memory of that information. This retrieval practice makes it more likely that you will be able to remember that information again in the future.
10. Stop Multitasking
For many years, it was thought that people who multitask (perform more than one activity at once) had an edge over those who did not. However, research now suggests that multitasking can actually make learning less effective.

Multitasking can involve trying to do more than one thing at the same time, but it can also involve quickly switching back and forth between tasks or trying to rapidly perform tasks one after the other.

According to research, doing this not only makes people less productive when they work but also impairs attention and reduces comprehension. Multitasking when you are studying makes it harder to focus on the information and reduces how much you understand it.

Research has also found that media multitasking, or dividing attention between different media sources, can also have a detrimental impact on learning and academic performance.
Recap
To avoid the dangers of multitasking, start by focusing your attention on the task at hand and continue working for a predetermined amount of time. (Cherry 2023.)
11. Become a Note Taker
If you’re used to typing everything you learn, you might be better off doing it the old-fashioned way: with paper and pen.

That’s because typing doesn’t actually help us learn much.

A 2021 study put handwriting and typing to the test:

Researchers asked students to first write and then type notes from a biology textbook.
The researchers then compared the handwritten notes and the typed notes.
The results? Researchers found that students, while typing, seemed to be cognitively overloaded. In other words, they typed the notes on their computers, but that information didn’t “stick” as well as handwritten notes. The students also showed less knowledge, accuracy of terminology, and ability to interconnect ideas when typing notes.
Yikes!
Pro Tip: Write everywhere! Write on sticky notes, write in your journal, write on a whiteboard.
And if you’re not reading physical books, check out this next tip.
12. Ditch the Digital
Speaking of handwritten notes, learning from physical books might be better than from a screen.
Not only do 90% of university students prefer print over digital, but a psychology lecturer also found that students required more repetitions when learning from a screen than from physical books. (Edwards.)

The physical sensation of holding books and turning the pages gives us extra sensory input compared to a digital device, and this helps us retain more info.

So, science tells us there’s still use for print books—specially to help us learn better.
Do We Learn Differently?
Or are there different learning styles?

Essentially, some people believe people are born with natural tendencies to learn better through visual, audio, or tactile experiences.

But in fact, research shows the opposite—students who answered a questionnaire to determine their preferred learning style and altered their studying habits to reflect it showed no remarkable improvement.

So, there you have it!

I hope you learned a lot in this article, and that I’ve inspired you to continue your lifelong learning journey.

If you want to know how to learn, it is important to explore learning techniques that have been shown to be effective. Strategies such as boosting your memory and learning in multiple ways can be helpful. Regularly learning new things, using distributed practice, and testing yourself often can also be helpful ways to become a more efficient learner.
The pursuit of learning easily is a noble and achievable endeavor that can significantly enhance one’s personal and professional development. By delving into the intricate interplay of cognitive, emotional, and environmental factors that influence learning, individuals can unlock the secrets to making the process smoother, more efficient, and ultimately, more enjoyable. The research and insights from cognitive psychology, educational theory, and neuroscience have provided valuable foundations for understanding how the mind acquires and retains knowledge. Moreover, the practical strategies and techniques outlined in this essay offer a roadmap for learners of all ages and backgrounds to embark on their journey toward becoming proficient and autonomous learners.

Effective learning involves more than just memorizing facts; it encompasses active engagement, metacognition, and the creation of optimal learning environments. Active learning techniques encourage individuals to be active participants in the process, making learning more dynamic and effective. Metacognitive skills empower learners to monitor and regulate their thinking, allowing them to set goals, assess progress, and adapt their strategies for improved learning outcomes. Additionally, the role of emotional factors, such as cultivating a growth mindset and managing anxiety, cannot be understated in making learning easy and sustainable.

The importance of lifelong learning cannot be overstated in our ever-evolving world. Embracing a mindset of continuous improvement and intrinsic motivation can ensure that learning remains a lifelong pursuit, opening doors to new opportunities and personal growth. Moreover, the integration of technology into education offers exciting possibilities for enhancing the accessibility and efficiency of learning.

In summary, the quest for learning easily is not about seeking shortcuts or avoiding challenges but about understanding the principles and strategies that optimize the learning process. By harnessing the knowledge and recommendations presented in this essay, individuals can take control of their learning journey, transforming it into a fulfilling and lifelong pursuit. In doing so, they can unlock their true potential and become not only more proficient but also more passionate learners, contributing to their personal success and the advancement of society as a whole.

 

 

A Word from Very well
Becoming a more effective learner can take time, and it always takes practice and determination to establish new habits. Start by focusing on just a few of these tips to see if you can get more out of your next study session.

Perhaps most importantly, work on developing the mindset that you are capable of improving your knowledge and skills. Research suggests that believing in your own capacity for growth is one of the best ways to take advantage of the learning opportunities you pursue.

 

 

 

REFERENCES
Oakley, B. & Sejnowski, T. 2018. Learning how to learn. Read on 15 June 2023.

Cherry K. 2023  How To become a more effective learner. Read on 25 June 2023.

https://www.verywellmind.com/how-to-become-a-more-effective-learner-2795162

Edwards V. 15 Effective ways You can learn how to learn. Read on 16 May 2023.

https://www.scienceofpeople.com/how-to-learn

Boser, U. 2018. Learning is a learned behavior. Read on 25 May 2023.

https://hbr.org/2018/05/learning-is-a-learned-behavior-heres-how-to-get-better-at-i

Barns, P. 9 Tips to improve how you learn and your learning capacity. Read on 3 August 2023

https://www.learnfasthq.com/blog/9-tips-to-improve-how-you-learn-your-learning-capacity

 

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